The homework tips presented on this page are targeted at the three key people who are most directly involved--you, as the teacher, the kids in your classes, and the parents who must deal with them at home.
As teachers, we all know that homework is good for kids for a variety of reasons that don't need to be enumerated here.
Although parents recognize the long-term benefits of homework, they aren’t any happier about the daily struggle to get it done. In the homework wars (“Sit down and do your homework now!” “Stop nagging me!”), parents often times must shoulder the responsibility.
And the kids?
We ALL know how they feel about homework.
The mere utterance of this word causes them to grimace and writhe in disgust. They hate it. We all know that. But, we all know that it's essential to their academic success.
What follows on this page are some homework tips from Harris Cooper, a professor of psychology at Duke University who studies homework.
Additionally, I have prepared some documents based on his suggestions that may be useful to you. These documents may be downloaded free of charge.
You may use the following quick links to go directly to what interests you on this page. You may also scroll down the page manually if you choose to do so.
Give the right amount of homework.
Research suggests students should get about 10 minutes of homework each night for each grade (10 minutes for 1st grade, 20 for 2nd, and so on). Adjust upward a bit if assignments are mostly reading or your students come from families with strong educational orientations.
Don’t overload kids with homework. It can ruin motivation.
Keep parents informed. Let parents know the purpose of homework and what your class rules are.
If communication is clear, homework is an important bridge between schools and families. If communication is lacking, homework creates tensions that are hard to resolve.
Vary the kinds of homework. Homework is a great way for kids to practice things that are learned by rote (spelling, math facts, foreign language).
It's also a great way to show kids the things they learn in school apply to things they enjoy at home (calculating batting averages, reading the back of a cereal box). Mix it up.
Be careful about parent involvement. Consider the time and skill resources of parents when requiring their involvement. Working parents may have little time for a direct homework role. Poorly-educated parents may have trouble being good mentors.
Students who are doing well in school may benefit most from homework they do all by themselves.
Never give homework as punishment. It implies you think schoolwork is aversive. Kids will pick up on this.
1. Be a stage manager.
Make sure your child has a quiet, well-lit place to do homework. Make sure the needed materials (paper, pencils, dictionary) are available.
Unless the homework assignment involves using a computer, power down electronics and remove other unnecessary distractions.
2. Be a motivator.
Homework provides a great opportunity for you to tell your child how important school is. Be positive about homework.
The attitude you express about homework will be the attitude your child acquires.
3. Be a role model.
When your child does homework, don’t sit and watch TV. If your child is reading, you read too. If your child is doing math, balance your checkbook.
Help your child see that the skills they are practicing are related to things you do as an adult.
4. Be a monitor.
Watch your child for signs of failure and frustration. If your child asks for help, provide guidance, not answers. If frustration sets in, suggest a short break.
5. Be a mentor.
When the teacher asks that you play a role in homework, do it. If homework is meant to be done alone, stay away. Homework is a great way for kids to develop independent, life-long learning skills.
Over-involvement can be a bad thing.
1. Pick a good time to do homework.
Try to do your homework at the same time everyday--right after school, just before dinner, or right after dinner. Try not to leave homework until just before you have to go to bed.
2. Find a place that makes studying easy.
Collect up all the books and supplies you’ll need (and your snack) before you begin to work. Do your homework in the same place every day.
3. Spend more time on hard homework than easy homework.
If you know what’s easy and what's hard, do the hard work first. Take a short break if you are having trouble keeping your mind on an assignment.
4. If homework gets too hard, ask for help.
If your parents are busy and you have an older brother or sister, ask them for help, or get your parents to ask them. Only ask for help if you really need it.
5. Remember to make time for long-term projects.
Think about using a weekend morning or afternoon for working on big projects, especially if the project involves getting together with classmates. If you need special stuff for a project, make sure to tell your parents to get it for you well in advance.
What follows in the first part of this section is a collection of PDF documents that are suitable for printing and distributing to the concerned parties.
I have set these up in a way that will allow you to
add your own customized header, if you choose to do so.
screenshots that you will see here give you an idea of how each document is set
up. Basically, the text of these
documents is identical to what you were reading above.
The second part of this section is a collection of homework charts that may be useful for you, your kids, and their parents. These documents are also in the PDF format.
Here is the screenshot for the Homework Reading Log. You WILL be able to customize the header on
Note: The final seven pages in this PDF package come from Free Printable Behavior Charts.com.
Here is a Checklist without Subjects.
Here is a Checklist WITH Subjects.
Here is a Weekly Log.
This is the Homework Chart.
This is the Checklist without Subjects.
Here is the, "My Homework Chart."
This is the Daily Assignment Sheet.
All of the documents represented by the screenshots above are available in one PDF package, which I am offering completely free of charge.
As always, all I ask in return is that you support my efforts by sharing an idea with your fellow teachers on the Teachers' Ideas page.
Consider taking a few seconds to click on my Facebook Like button, or take a minute or two to add a brief comment about one of the Daily Teaching Tools pages that you may have found useful.
In the meantime, you may download the Homework Package here.
A recent poll of teachers and parents by AP/AOL Learning Services found that 63% of teachers and 57% of parents say that homework levels are about right.
Although the poll did not include the opinions of students, I would suspect that 95% of them would say that homework levels are NOT about right.
Hopefully, the homework tips on this page will help you, your students, and their parents to be proactive and effective. I know that what I'm offering here is by no means a total solution, but I think it's a pretty good start.
If you get a minute, which is a challenge for all of us, let me know your thoughts on this. It would be great to hear from you.